BRS Behavioral Science (7th Edition) | KitaabNow

BRS Behavioral Science (7th Edition)

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  • Author: Barbara Fadem
  • ISBN: 9789351296096
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Publishing
  • Edition: 7th
  • Publication Date: January 1, 2016
  • Format: Paperback – 362 pages
  • Language: English

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Description

Offering current coverage of behavioral science, psychiatry, epidemiology, and related topics, BRS Behavioral Science, prepares students to rapidly recall key information on the mind-body relationship and confidently apply that knowledge on exams and in practice. The popular BRS format presents essential information in a succinct, streamlined approach preferred by today’s busy students, accompanied by hundreds of USMLE-style review questions with detailed answers and explanations to help strengthen students’ exam readiness.

This updated edition equips students with the latest clinical findings and perspectives in areas they’ll likely encounter on their exams, including up-to-date information on newly FDA-approved psychopharmacology agents, implications of the Affordable Care Act and other healthcare legislation, current neuroimaging techniques, newly identified substances of abuse, and contemporary examples of vital statistics such as birth rate, infant mortality rate, and more.

Key Features
  • Updated content details the latest developments in psychopharmacology, United States healthcare legislation, biological assessment of patients with psychiatric symptoms, and substance-related disorders to ready students for commonly tested topics.
  • Convenient outline format makes exam preparation easy and efficient.
  • Chapters reflect the full range of behavioral science—from growth and development through assessment, specific disorders, therapies, legal and ethical issues—and conform to the latest psychiatric classification system, DSM-5.
  • Chapter-opening Typical Board Questions (TBQs) provide clinical context and familiarize students with how subjects are tested on the USMLE.
  • More than 600 multiple-choice, USMLE-style questions—including many new and updated questions—bolster students’ test-taking confidence and reinforce understanding with detailed explanations.
  • End-of-book Comprehensive Exam with answers and detailed explanations also now includes cross-references back to the text for remediation.
  • Bolded key terms simplify students’ review of essential behavioral science terminology.
  • 80 tables summarize essential information for quick access and efficient review.
Table of Contents
  1. Reviewers vi
  2. Preface vii
  3. Acknowledgments viii
  4. THE BEGINNING OF LIFE: PREGNANCY THROUGH PRESCHOOL 1
    1. Childbirth and the Postpartum Period 1
    2. Infancy: Birth to 15 Months 3
    3. The Toddler Years: 15 Months to 2½ Years 5
    4. The Preschool Child: 3–6 Years 6
    5. Review Test 8
  5. SCHOOL AGE, ADOLESCENCE, SPECIAL ISSUES OF DEVELOPMENT, AND ADULTHOOD 14
    1. School Age: 7–11 Years 14
    2. Adolescence: 11–20 Years 15
    3. Special Issues in Child Development 17
    4. Early Adulthood: 20–40 Years 17
    5. Middle Adulthood: 40–65 Years 18
    6. Review Test 19
  6. AGING, DEATH, AND BEREAVEMENT 24
    1. Aging 24
    2.  Stages of Dying and Death 26
    3. Bereavement (Typical Grief) Versus Complicated Bereavement (Depression) 26
    4. Review Test 28
  7. GENETICS, ANATOMY, AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF BEHAVIOR 32
    1. The Genetics of Behavior 32
    2. The Neuroanatomy of Behavior 33
    3. Neurotransmission 35
    4. Biogenic Amines 36
    5. Amino Acid Neurotransmitters 39
    6. Neuropeptides 39
    7. Review Test 40
  8. BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF PATIENTS WITH PSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMS 46
    1. Overview 46
    2. Measurement of Biogenic Amines and Psychotropic Drugs 46
    3. Evaluating Endocrine Function 47
    4. Neuroimaging and Electroencephalogram Studies 47
    5. europsychological Tests 47
    6. Other Tests 48
    7. Review Test 50
  9. PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY AND DEFENSE MECHANISMS 54
    1. Overview 54
    2. Freud Theories of the Mind 54
    3. Defense Mechanisms 55
    4. Transference Reactions 57
    5. Review Test 58
  10. LEARNING THEORY 62
    1. Overview 62
    2. Habituation and Sensitization 62
    3. Classical Conditioning 63
    4. Operant Conditioning 63
    5. Review Test 66
  11. CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF PATIENTS WITH BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS 71
    1. Overview of Psychological Testing 71
    2. Intelligence Tests 71
    3. Achievement Tests 72
    4. Personality Tests 73
  12. SUBSTANCE-RELATED DISORDERS 79
    1. Substance-related Disorders: Epidemiology, Demographics, and Terminology 79
    2. Stimulants 80
    3. Sedatives 81
    4. Opioids 83
    5. Hallucinogens and Related Agents 84
    6. Clinical Features of Substance-related Disorders 85
    7. Management 86
    8. Review Test 87
  13. TYPICAL SLEEP AND SLEEP–WAKE DISORDERS 93
    1. Typical Awake and Sleep States 93
    2. Classification of Sleep–Wake Disorders 95
    3. Insomnia Disorder 96
    4. Breathing-related Sleep Disorder (Sleep Apnea) 97
    5. Narcolepsy 97
    6. Management of Sleep–Wake Disorders 98
    7. Review Test 99
  14.  SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM AND OTHER PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS 106
    1. Schizophrenia 106
    2. Other Psychotic Disorders 109
    3. Review Test 111
  15.  DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS AND BIPOLAR AND RELATED DISORDERS 116
    1. Overview 116
    2. Classification of Depressive and Bipolar Disorders 117
    3. Etiology 120
    4. Management 120
    5. Review Test 122
  16. ANXIETY DISORDERS, OBSESSIVE–COMPULSIVE AND RELATED DISORDERS, SOMATIC SYMPTOM DISORDERS, AND TRAUMA AND STRESSOR-RELATED DISORDERS 127
    1. Anxiety Disorders 127
    2. Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders 130
    3. Factitious Disorder, Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another, and
  17. NEUROCOGNITIVE, PERSONALITY, DISSOCIATIVE, AND EATING DISORDERS 139
    1. Neurocognitive Disorders 139
    2. Personality Disorders 143
    3. Dissociative Disorders 144
    4. Obesity and Eating Disorders 145
    5. Review Test 148
  18. PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS IN CHILDREN 155
    1. Autism Spectrum and Related Disorders 155
    2. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder 156
    3. Other Disorders of Childhood 157
    4. Review Test 159
  19. BIOLOGIC THERAPIES: PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY 164
    1. Overview 164
    2. Antipsychotic Agents 164
    3.  Antidepressant Agents 166
    4. Mood Stabilizers 170
    5. Antianxiety Agents 170
    6. Psychoactive Medications in Pregnancy 172
    7. Electroconvulsive Therapy and Related Therapies 173
    8. Review Test 174
  20. PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES 182
    1. Psychoanalysis and Related Therapies 182
    2. Behavioral Therapies 183
    3. Other Therapies 184
    4. Review Test 186
  21. THE FAMILY, CULTURE, AND ILLNESS 190
    1. Overview of the Family 190
    2. Demographics and Current Trends 190
    3. Culture in the United States 191
    4. American Subcultures 193
    5. Review Test 195
  22. SEXUALITY 200
    1. Sexual Development 200
    2. The Biology of Sexuality in Adults 201
    3. Sexual Dysfunction 202
    4. Paraphilias and Paraphilic Disorders 204
    5. Illness, Injury, and Sexuality 205
    6. Aging and Sexuality 205
    7. Drugs and Sexuality 206
    8. Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Sexuality 206
    9. Review Test 208
  23. AGGRESSION AND ABUSE 215
    1. Aggression 215
    2. Abuse and Neglect of Children, the Elderly, and Impaired Persons 216
    3. Physical and Sexual Abuse of Domestic Partners 218
    4. The Role of the Physician in Suspected Abuse 219
    5. Sexual Aggression: Rape and Related Crimes 219
    6. Review Test 221
  24. THE PHYSICIAN–PATIENT RELATIONSHIP 227
    1. Medical Practice 227
    2. Adherence 230
    3. The Clinical Interview 230
    4. Review Test 233
  25. PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE 242
    1. Stress and Health 242
    2. Psychological Stress in Specific Patient Populations 244
    3. Patients with Chronic Pain 245
    4. Patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 246
    5. Review Test 247
  26. LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN MEDICINE 251
    1. Principles of Medical Ethics, Legal Competence, and Decision-making Capacity 251
    2. Informed Consent 252
    3. Confidentiality 254
    4. Reportable Illnesses 254
    5. Ethical Issues Involving HIV Infection 254
    6. Involuntary and Voluntary Psychiatric Hospitalization 255 VII. Advance Directives 255
    7. Death and Euthanasia 256
    8. Medical Malpractice 256
    9. Impaired Physicians 257
    10. Review Test 258
  27. HEALTH CARE IN THE UNITED STATES 271
    1. Health Care Delivery Systems 271
    2. Costs of Health Care 273
    3. Payment for Health Care: Health Insurance 273
    4. Demographics of Health in the United States 276
    5. Review Test 278
  28. MEDICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 284
    1. Medical Epidemiology: Incidence and Prevalence 284
    2. Research Study Design 285
    3. Quantifying Risk 285
    4. Bias, Reliability, and Validity 287
    5. Clinical Probability and Attack Rate 290
    6. Graphic Representations of Epidemiological Data 290
    7. Review Test 293
  29. STATISTICAL ANALYSES 303
    1. Elements of Statistical Analyses 303
    2. Hypothesis Testing 306
    3. Statistical Tests 307
    4. Review Test 309
  30. Comprehensive Examination 314
  31. Index 351
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